The government will increase the domestic CO2 capture capacity to 4 million tons per year by 2030 and operate the world’s largest storage facility.
The Ministry of Science and ICT held the 5th Carbon Neutral Technology Special Committee on the 21st and deliberated the carbon neutral technology innovation strategy roadmap in four areas: hydrogen supply, carbon dioxide capture, storage, and utilization (CCUS), carbon-free power supply, and eco-friendly vehicles. · Decided.
In the field of hydrogen supply, technology advancement is promoted to gradually expand domestic hydrogen production capacity. The production capacity is targeted from 1 to 2 MW in 2025 to 100 MW or more after 2028. The hydrogen distribution infrastructure also localizes hydrogen liquefaction technology, which is monopolized by world leading companies by 2030, to challenge the global market, and completes the hydrogen ecosystem by localizing core technologies such as ammonia-hydrogen extraction plants, liquid hydrogen reception bases, and hydrogen-only pipeline networks. are going to go out
The CCUS sector is a key strategic means for decarbonization due to the nature of Korea’s industrial structure with high carbon dioxide emissions. To this end, the domestic CO2 capture capacity will be gradually expanded from 70,000 tons per year in 2025 to 4 million tons per year in 2030 and 10 million tons per year after 2030. Based on the world’s third successful experience of injecting carbon dioxide into the sea, it will also operate the world’s largest storage capacity of 15 million tons per year by 2050. In addition, by 2040, it will promote technological innovation to break through the limits so that the price competitiveness of carbon dioxide conversion and utilization products can be 100% higher than the existing market price.
In terms of carbon-free power supply, the energy sector plans to expand ammonia mixed-fired power generation to 3.6% of total power generation by 2030. By 2050, it plans to expand carbon-free gas turbines using hydrogen to 21.5% of the total. In LNG power generation, it will secure technology to replace LNG with hydrogen (hydrogen combined fuel, hydrogen fuel) and will begin demonstration in 2028.
In the field of eco-friendly vehicles, the demonstration of next-generation battery vehicles such as lithium, sulfur, and lithium metal batteries will be completed before 2030, and battery fire suppression technology development will be developed by 2026. In addition, it plans to localize core technologies (power conversion devices, etc.) for 400kW super-quick charging, which can reduce charging time by one-third, by 2025.
The carbon-neutral technology innovation strategy roadmap established this time will be used first for future national R&D investment directions and national R&D preliminary feasibility reviews.
Joo Young-chang, director of Science and Technology Innovation at the Ministry of Science and ICT, said, “We will continue to improve the strategic roadmap so that it serves as a guide that can be connected to the field, not just the development of carbon-neutral technology.” said.
Reporter Lee In-hee [email protected]