“I haven’t even been to… 7 tons of ‘garbage’ dumped by mankind on Mars”

An analysis has been made that humankind has left about 7 tons of garbage on the ‘red planet’ Mars. It is the result of exploration efforts over the past 50 years.

Mars rover researcher Kagri Kalik of West Virginia University analyzed that the amount of garbage on Mars could amount to about 7 tons, and he wrote it in the scientific media ‘The Conversation’.

This is about 10 tons, which is the mass of all spacecraft sent to Mars so far, minus about 3 tons, the weight of spacecraft and rovers currently in operation.

A view of the backshell and parachute protecting the NASA rover perseverance from reaching the surface of Mars safely.  Photo = NASA/JPL-Caltech

Mars’ ‘garbage’ is divided into three main types. Hardware such as discarded fragments, a spacecraft that crashed during landing, and an inactive spacecraft that has passed over time.

The impact of entering and landing on Mars’ atmosphere produces numerous fragments, which are then blown away by the Martian hot winds away from the landing site.

Photo = Perseverance Rover Twitter (@NASAPersevere)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Rover Perseverance official Twitter account published a photo in June of a shiny foil-like object sandwiched between rocks on the surface of Mars.

The research team at the time said, “It is surprising to find this here. It’s about two kilometers from the landing site.”

The wheels of the Curiosity Rover have been damaged over the years.  NASA suspects that some of the broken wheels may be scattered along the rover's track.  Photo = NASA/JPL-Caltech

According to the UN OOSA, countries have so far succeeded in reaching 18 artifacts to the surface of Mars over 14 missions.

The ‘inactive spacecraft’ left in the course of mankind’s challenge for Mars exploration included the former Soviet Union’s Mars 3 and 6, NASA’s Vikings 1 and 2, Spirit, and relatively recently, Opportunity, which completed its exploration activities in 2018. .

Scientists are paying attention to the impact of Martian debris on future exploration activities. NASA is documenting any debris it finds on the surface of Mars, and is considering potential problems such as contaminating samples collected by the rover or physically colliding with the rover.

Reporter Min-ha Yang ([email protected]), Electronic Newspaper Internet

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